James, Cyril Lionel Robert

(1901–1989)
   A Marxist historian, novelist, critic, philosopher and lecturer, C.L.R. James, among many other accomplishments, wrote one of the finest history books of the 20th century, The Black Jacobins: Toussaint L’Ouverture and the San Domingo Revolution (1938). Born in Trinidad to a comfortable middle-class family, James developed an early interest in both literature and cricket as well as demonstrating outstanding academic ability. In the 1920s he was editor of Trinidad, a literary review, as well as contributing pieces to the London Saturday Review and writing a novel, Minty Alley. In 1932 he moved to Great Britain where he became a cricket correspondent for The Manchester Guardian and embraced revolutionary socialism. His lifelong passion for cricket found its most brilliant expression in his partly biographical book Beyond a Boundary (1963), in which he discussed not just cricket, but also its social context. He moved to the United States in 1939 from which he was expelled in 1953 for his political activities when Mc- Carthyism held sway. Back in Trinidad he became editor of the Trinidad People’s National Movement (PNM) journal The Nation in 1958, spent time as secretary of the West Indian Federal Labour Party, and in 1965 co-founded the radical Workers’ and Farmers’ Party. After 1966 he lived abroad in the United States and Britain. James’ revolutionary political outlook developed from Trotskyism to an independent libertarian Marxism. He opposed the bureaucratic centralism of Stalinism and any notions of a vanguard party or of statist socialism. Philosophically his Marxism was influenced by Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel and he sought always to emphasize the importance of culture and national identity while retaining the radical spirit of Marxism and not losing sight of the goal of universal human emancipation. He was seen as a forerunner of both Pan- Africanism and “new left” politics.

Historical dictionary of Marxism. . 2014.

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  • Cyril Lionel Robert James — (* 4. Januar 1901 in Trinidad; † 19. Mai 1989 in London) war Kulturkritiker, Journalist und ein wichtiger sozialistischer Theoretiker und Schriftsteller. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Ehrungen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cyril Lionel Robert James — (1901 1989) est un écrivain et militant politique, intellectuel, originaire de la colonie britannique de Trinité et Tobago aux Antilles. Visionnaire, James commença à militer très tôt pour l indépendance de son pays et défendait l idée d une… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • James — /jaymz/, n. 1. Also called James the Great. one of the 12 apostles, the son of Zebedee and brother of the apostle John. Matt. 4:21. 2. the person identified in Gal. 1:19 as a brother of Jesus: probably the author of the Epistle of St. James. 3.… …   Universalium

  • Robert — /rob euhrt/, n. 1. Henry Martyn /mahr tn/, 1837 1923, U.S. engineer and authority on parliamentary procedure: author of Robert s Rules of Order (1876, revised 1915). 2. a male given name: from Germanic words meaning glory and bright. * * * (as… …   Universalium

  • Cyril — /sir euhl/, n. 1. Saint ( Apostle of the Slavs ), A.D. 827 869, Greek missionary to the Moravians. 2. a male given name. * * * (as used in expressions) Burt Sir Cyril Lodowic Cyril and Methodius Saints Cyril of Alexandria Saint Cyril of Jerusalem …   Universalium

  • Lionel — /luy euh nl/, n. a male given name, form of Leon. * * * (as used in expressions) Hampton Lionel Ismay of Wormington Hastings Lionel Ismay Baron James Cyril Lionel Robert Jospin Lionel Trilling Lionel * * * …   Universalium

  • James (Name) — James ist eine englische Form des Vornamens Jakob, was die latinisierte Form des hebräischen Namens יַעֲקֹב (Ja aqov) ist. Er wird in Filmen und Romanen gerne klischeehaft als Name für einen Butler benutzt. Bekannte Kurzformen sind Jim, Jimmy,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • James —   [dʒeɪmz],    1) C. L. R. (Cyril Lionel Robert), westindischer Schriftsteller, * Tunapuna (bei Port of Spain, Trinidad) 4. 1. 1901, ✝ London 31. 5. 1989; war in den frühen 30er Jahren, von marxistischen und zeitweise auch trotzkistischen Ideen… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • James, C.L.R. — ▪ British writer and activist in full  Cyril Lionel Robert James  born Jan. 4, 1901, Tunapuna, Trinidad died May 31, 1989, London, Eng.       West Indian born cultural historian, cricket writer, and political activist who was a leading figure in… …   Universalium

  • Cyril O'Reilly (Oz) — Cyril O Reily Personnage de fiction apparaissant dans Oz Origine Irlando Américain Genre …   Wikipédia en Français

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